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# What are all the factors, the prime factorization, and factor pairs of 20?

To find the factors of 20, divide 20 by each number starting with 1 and working up to 20

Now let us find how to calculate all the factors of 20:
2
= 10
4
= 5
As you can see, the factors of 20 are:
1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 20

## Introduction to Factors

Factors are the building blocks of numbers, representing a fundamental concept in mathematics. They are the numbers we multiply together to arrive at a product. Taking 20 as our illustrative example, we explore the significance of factors, which illuminate the various dimensions and properties of 20 within the realm of mathematics.

## What are Factors of 20?

The concept of factors pertains to finding those numbers that divide another number, in this case 20, without leaving any remainder. Factors of a number are instrumental in various branches of mathematics, including number theory and algebra. Here is a list of factors for 20, representing pairs of numbers whose product is 20:

• 1 x 20 = 20
• 2 x 10 = 20
• 4 x 5 = 20

Thus, the complete factor set of 20 includes: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, and 20.

## How to Find the Factors of 20?

Discovering the factors of 20 involves the division method. The procedure is simple: we divide 20 by numbers less than or equal to itself and seek out the instances where the quotient is a whole number. Let’s delve into a concrete illustration:

• 20 ÷ 1 = 20 indicates 1 is a factor of 20.
• 20 ÷ 2 = 10 indicates 2 is a factor of 20.
• 20 ÷ 4 = 5 indicates 4 is a factor of 20.
• 20 ÷ 5 = 4 indicates 5 is a factor of 20.
• 20 ÷ 10 = 2 indicates 10 is a factor of 20.
• 20 ÷ 20 = 1 indicates 20 itself is a factor.

Through this method, it becomes evident that the factors of 20 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, and 20.

## Pair Factors of 20

Pair factors are sets of two numbers that, when multiplied, yield the number 20. Presented here is a comprehensive list of both positive and negative pair factors for 20:

Positive Pair Factor Negative Pair Factor
(1, 20) (-1, -20)
(2, 10) (-2, -10)
(4, 5) (-4, -5)

Pair factors embody the concept that a positive number multiplied by another positive number, or a negative number multiplied by another negative number, both result in the original positive product.

## Prime Factorization of 20

The prime factorization of a number is the process of breaking down the number into its fundamental prime factors. The prime factors of 20, the smallest divisors that are prime numbers, can be demonstrated with the following steps:

• Divide 20 by the smallest prime factor larger than 1, which is 2. 20 ÷ 2 = 10.
• 10 is also divisible by 2, so continue the process: 10 ÷ 2 = 5.
• Finally, 5 is a prime number, so our process concludes here.

This leaves us with the prime factors of 20: 2, 2, and 5, often denoted as 2² × 5.

## Important Points to Remember

The study of factors is rich with insights into the make-up of numbers. For the number 20, we note the following key points:

• There are 6 distinct positive factors of 20.
• The prime factors are 2 and 5.
• The positive pair factors are (1, 20), (2, 10), and (4, 5).
• The negative pair factors are (-1, -20), (-2, -10), and (-4, -5).
• The sum of all factors of 20 (1+2+4+5+10+20) is 42.

## Exercises

Apply your understanding of factors with these exercises involving the factors of 20:

1. What are the first two multiples of 20 that include 20 as a factor?
2. Is 20 a factor of 100? Explain how you know.
3. Can you write 20 as a product of its prime factors in exponential form?

## Solutions to Exercises

Here are the solutions to the exercises provided:

1. The first two multiples of 20 including 20 as a factor are: 20 x 1 = 20, 20 x 2 = 40.
2. Yes, 20 is a factor of 100 because 100 divided by 20 equals 5, which is a whole number. 100 ÷ 20 = 5.
3. 20 can be written as a product of its prime factors in exponential form as: 2² x 5¹.

### What is a factor?

A factor is a number that divides another number without leaving any remainder.

### How do you find factors of a number?

You can find factors by dividing the number by integers. If the division results in a whole number, then both the divisor and the quotient are factors of the number.

### What are the factors of 20?

The factors of 20 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, and 20.