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# What are all the factors, the prime factorization, and factor pairs of 6?

To find the factors of 6, divide 6 by each number starting with 1 and working up to 6

Now let us find how to calculate all the factors of 6:
2
= 3
As you can see, the factors of 6 are:
1, 2, 3, 6

## Introduction to Factors

Factors are the fundamental building blocks in mathematics that, when multiplied together, give a product. Taking the number 6 as an illustrative example, factors are the numbers we multiply together to get 6. Understanding these factors is essential as it not only provides insight into the structure of 6 but also its various properties within the mathematical realm.

## What are Factors of 6?

Factors of the number 6 are integers that can be divided evenly into 6. These factors are illustrated through pairings in the multiplication process. Below is a list of all the factors of 6, showing how they pair up to result in the number 6:

• 1 x 6 = 6
• 2 x 3 = 6

These pairings show that the numbers 1, 2, 3, and 6 are all factors of 6 as they divide it without any remainder.

## How to Find the Factors of 6?

To find the factors of the number 6, one can employ the division method. This method entails dividing 6 by integers to determine if they result in whole numbers. Here is how it works:

• 6 ÷ 1 = 6, thus 1 is a factor of 6.
• 6 ÷ 2 = 3, thus 2 is a factor of 6.

If we continue this process with integers greater than 3, we will end up with a fraction, signifying that those integers are not factors of 6. Therefore, the factors of 6 identified through this method are 1, 2, 3, and 6.

## Pair Factors of 6

Pair factors of 6 are two numbers that, when multiplied together, equal 6. Both positive and negative numbers can be pair factors, as long as their product equals the target number, 6. Here are the positive and negative pair factors of 6:

• Positive pair factors: (1, 6) and (2, 3)
• Negative pair factors: (-1, -6) and (-2, -3)

## Prime Factorization of 6

The prime factorization of 6 breaks down the number into its prime factors, which are the prime numbers that, when multiplied together, produce 6. For 6, the process is straightforward as it only has two prime factors. Visualizing this through a factor tree:

• 6 ÷ 2 = 3, and 2 is a prime factor.
• 3 is also a prime number and therefore is the other prime factor of 6.

So the prime factorization of 6 is 2 x 3.

## Important Points to Remember

Here are some key points to keep in mind about the factors of 6:

• Total count of factors: 4
• Prime factors: 2 and 3
• Pair factors: (1, 6), (2, 3), (-1, -6), and (-2, -3)
• Sum of all factors: 1 + 2 + 3 + 6 = 12

These points highlight the unique properties of number 6 through its factors.

## Exercises

Consider these exercises to deepen your understanding of the factors of 6:

• Without dividing, list the potential factors of 6.
• Identify a real-life scenario where dividing items into 6 equal parts would be practical.

## Solutions to Exercises

Here are the solutions to the exercises:

• Potential factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6.
• An example of dividing items into 6 equal parts is sharing a pizza among 6 friends, ensuring each person gets an equal share.

### What are the factors of 6?

The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6.

### What two numbers are the prime factors of 6?

The prime factors of 6 are 2 and 3.

### What is the product of the factors of 6?

The product of the factors of 6 is 36 (1 x 2 x 3 x 6).